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Gout and Its Complications

People these days suffer from a common disease is commonly known as gout. Gout is a painful form of arthritis. Usually gout attacks are severe and sudden. The gout’s main target is the big toe. Gout patients experience intense pain in the joints.

Apart from the big toe the joints which can be affected with gout are heels, hands, wrist and fingers. The first gout attack is usually at the night time and is very severe.

The affected joint becomes red, tender and there is inflammation near the joint. Gout is mainly due to high levels of uric acid in the body or the inability to pass out uric acid from the body. To pass out uric acid from the body a person must take lot of fluids especially water. Uric acid is flushed out of the body through urine.

Due to high uric acid levels, the uric acid forms crystals which are called tophi. Due to which there is swelling and inflammation at the joint.

Gout diagnosis is difficult as it has random behavior with uric acid levels. To diagnose doctor insert a syringe at the affected joint and takes the synovial fluid and observes it under microscope to see whether there are crystals of uric acid or not.

Men in the age of 30 to 60 are victims of gout. To women it is after menopause.

If a person is suffering with complications like circulatory system diseases like blood pressure issues, diabetes or narrowing of the arteries then there are high chances of gout occurring to them.

Gout is due to high intake of diet which is rich in purine content. Examples of food rich in purine content are sea foods, liver and kidneys.

Gout if left untreated it leads to serious complications like poly articular gout. Kidneys stones due to urate crystals. Kidney damage.

People suffering with gout need to avoid all forms of alcohol. Beer is known to have high content of purine in it.

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