January 2020
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How to Diagnose Diabetes

Diabetes is deadly disease, it has now become very common disease and teenagers are too victims of it. Diabetes is a condition when there are high blood sugar levels in the blood, this due to stop in insulin production by the beta cells of pancreas or the cells not reacting with insulin produced.

The exact causes of diabetes are still unknown to doctors. It could mostly be due to hereditary factors, but that is not always the case.

Type 1 diabetes also known as juvenile diabetes is due to the auto immune system of the body which destroys the beta cells of the pancreas responsible for secretion of insulin. This type of diabetes is now more common in young adults and teenagers. Genetic therapy was developed to treat diabetes type 1 although it has its own limitations. Diabetes type 2 is mainly because of age factor. People who are above 40 years age are more prone to diabetes type 2.

Gestational diabetes is other major type of diabetes. It is to women who are in period of pregnancy. It is generally in second half of pregnancy. This pregnancy lasts only for a short duration i.e. about delivery if proper care is taken by the mother. If not it develops to type 2 diabetes. If medications are not taken properly pregnant women are at risk of having large babies.

Diabetes is generally diagnosed by Urine and Blood tests. Urine test shows glucose in urine and blood test is of three types in all the three types the blood glucose level is above the normal level.

Symptoms for Diabetes:

The most common signs and symptoms of diabetes are increased thirst, frequent urination, numbness in feet, blurry vision. Diabetes also leads to other severe complications if it is left untreated. It leads to strokes and heartattacks.

A diabetic person needs to take diet which is rich in fiber content and healthy food. Eating vegetables raw is a good option. Examples of vegetables rich in fiber are Bitter gourd, onion, barley, amla, cinnamon, sweet potato.

What Should a Diabetic Patient Do:

Things that a diabetic person should avoid includes junk food which includes fast food items, cut down intake of simple carbohydrates, food containing sugar content or artificial sweets. This all make diabetes more worse.

Type 1 diabetic persons need to take insulin doses or injections to maintain their blood sugar levels to normal. Type 2 diabetic people can control and avoid diabetes by taking proper diet and involving themselves in physical routines. Physical activities include running, jogging, skipping and swimming. These all makes a person fit and keep him/her from diseases and look better .

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