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Migraines – Types And Its Treatment

A migraine, despite popular belief, isn’t simply a type of headache. Instead, migraines are a disease, with headaches being one of the main symptoms. During a migraine episode, cranial blood vessels both expand and narrow, causing a great deal of pain. The tissue surrounding the brain also becomes inflamed, compounding the pain into something even more severe.

A headache caused by a migraine is often among the most severe of headaches. The pain is both extreme and immobilizing. While it often begins with dull aching, it gradually evolves into pounding pain. The pain can feel as though it’s only on one side, or it can feel like the entire head is under duress. It can even feel as though it’s alternating among several different areas.

The pain tends to peak and then subside, but its point of climax can vary. Some people may have a migraine for four hours, while others may have one for three days. The same can be said for the frequency at which migraines appear. Some people may have only one or two in their entire lifetime, while other people may average three or four a week.

Types of Migraines

The two types of migraines are differentiated by the symptoms that signal their approach. A migraine with aura, also known as a classic migraine, is a migraine that involves a physiological sign that a migraine is imminent. These warning signs usually occur within an hour of the migraine and last for a few minutes up to a full hour. They can include seeing bright flashing light, loss of vision (particularly peripheral vision), blind spots, inability of the eyes to focus, ringing in the ears, a funny taste in the mouth, or just an overall strange feeling.

Migraines without aura, also known as a common migraine, occur more often. While these don’t typically possess the warning signs of the classic migraine, most people who get common migraines are given a vague indication that they’re coming. A person may feel anxious, depressed, or generally tired for several hours prior to a common migraine.

Treatment of Migraines

The first is the simplest of all the treatments, it is applying hot or cold clothes to your head. This is a little tricky in that for some it is hot that is better and for others it is cold that is, but the good news is that once you know which helps you, it is consistently the same.

Scientists have yet to discover a cure for migraines. But, treatment of them is available. Many people find that over-the-counter pain medication, abortive medications, and preventive medications all help to relieve discomfort. Biofeedback, a form of therapy that helps people deal more adequately with stressful situations, may also be helpful.

People who notice that certain behaviors cause more frequent migraines may benefit from keeping a headache diary, and noting what they eat, drink, and do in the hours directly preceding a migraine. This may help people to become aware of migraine triggers, ultimately giving them the ability to avoid these triggers in the future.

And, just as getting adequate rest, eating well, and getting regular exercise can alleviate many health problems, these three factors can also help migraines occur much less often.

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