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Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms

Types of diabetes

Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes:

Unusual thirst

Increase in appetite

Frequent urination

Unusual weight loss

Lack of energy

Blurred vision

Frequent infections

Poor wound healing

Numbness in hands and legs

Diabetes is divided into two types mainly type 1 and type 2. Type 2 diabetic people do not show any signs and symptoms of the disease so it is advised that they go screening test after the age of 45.

At the initial stages of diabetes, people may suffer from symptoms like high blood sugar levels i.e. when the blood sugar level is high and above 160 to 180mg/dL. When the glucose level is high the kidney excretes additional water and this leads to urination and dehydration is common.

To compensate the body requires water, so excessive thirst is natural. A person losses weight because of calories loss in urine. Type 1 diabetic people lose weight easily compared to type 2 diabetic people.

The signs and symptoms developed in type 1 diabetes are abrupt and rapid leading to a condition known as ketoacidosis. In spite of high presence of glucose the cells in the body cannot utilize it properly this makes the fats to break down producing ketones in and other chemical toxin substances leading to blood acidic.

The symptoms of ketoacidosis are excessive thirst and urination, nausea, vomiting, fatigue and abdominal pain especially in children. The breathing smells like nail polish remover. In ignored cases of ketoacidosis it leads to coma, and death.

People with type 1 diabetes develop ketoacidosis even after starting insulin treatment if they miss an injection or get over stressed due to infection or accident or serious medical condition.

The initial stages for type 2 diabetes are increased thirst and urination and they get worsen. Most of the times the diabetes goes unrecognized and as insulin deficiency increases symptoms develops.

Diabetic people need to take diet rich in fiber content. Well balanced diet is essential. Diet should have proper nutritious values. Food should not be heavily rich in carbohydrates, fats and proteins.

Examples of fruits and vegetables rich in fiber are broccoli, peas, beans, carrot, apple, bananas, apricot, dates and raisins.

Diabetes is mainly due to sedentary kind of lifestyle. People with diabetes need to take part in physical activities like running, swimming, skipping.

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