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Types of diabetes and Prevention Tips

Type 2 diabetes is also known by the names type 2 diabetes mellitus, non insulin dependent diabetes, adult onset diabetes or just diabetes. It is due body not processing and using carbohydrates, proteins and fats effectively.

Diabetes is a condition where the body cannot regulate the blood glucose levels. The food we eat is converted to sugar in the liver and pass with blood to different parts of the body. The main function of insulin is to allow glucose to pass in to fats, muscles and liver where it can be stored as energy.

When the insulin production is low or the receptors of the cells do not react to the insulin produced this condition is commonly referred as type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is due to insulin resistance. Here the insulin is produced excessively such that it affects its own production.

Pancreas consists of four types of cells which are collectively known as Islet of Langerhans. Among these cells the beta cells are responsible for secretion for insulin. People who are type 2 diabetic are generally above 40 years of age and above. And 95 percent people who are with diabetes are type 2 diabetic.

Diabetes diagnosis

Diabetes is diagnosed by blood sugar levels. Blood is tested after fasting overnight. The normal range is 70 to 100 mg/dL after fasting. If the blood sugar level is greater than 125 mg/dL, then diabetes is diagnosed.

The most common adult onset diabetes symptoms are

Increase in urination

Increase in appetite

Excessive thirst

Weight loss

Increase in infections

Type 2 diabetes if ignored it affects the various parts of the body.The diabetes complication are

Nerve Damage : It is nerve damage. The longest nerves in the body are damaged that causes numbness in feet and tingling sensation. It also affects various other functions like digestion, sexual function and urination.

Foot issues: Sores appear on foot. This is mainly due to neuropathy that causes numbness in feet. Irritation in skin and break down of skin causing ulcers. Blood circulation is low leading to slow wound healing.

Nephropathy: Kidneys are damaged due to high blood sugar levels.

Retinopathy: The blood vessels which are at the back of the eyes are damaged due to high blood glucose level. The damage can be minimized by controlling blood sugar levels. In ignored cases a person can suffer complete blindness.

The good thing about type 2 diabetes is that it can be avoided and controlled unlike type 1 diabetes. In type 1 diabetes insulin injections are must. Type 2 diabetic people need to take part in physical activities and eat food which is rich in fiber content.

More articles on Diabetes and Children – How Diabetes Effects Children? What are the necessary precautions one need to take.

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