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Various Causes of Diabetes

Types of Diabetes

Diabetes is a non contagious disease. But it is chronic and deadly. It is most common disorder
of the endocrine system. Endocrine system in the sense related to hormone system of the
body. Diabetes is classified into two major types. They are

Causes of Diabetes:
Type 1 and type 2 diabetes. The signs and symptoms of both the types of diabetes are almost
similar. But they differ in causes. Diabetes in mainly due to body not regulating insulin. Insulin is
produced by the pancreas. Pancreas consists of four types of cells. They are collectively known
as Islet of Langerhans. Among them the beta cells are responsible for secretion of insulin.

The food we eat is converted to sugar in the liver, and it is passed to different parts of the body
through blood. The main function of insulin is to act as key and pass the glucose into cells of
liver, fat and muscles where it can be used as fuels or energy.

Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body doesn’t produces insulin, i.e. pancreas stop
producing insulin. This is due to autoimmune system of the body which destroys the beta
cells of the pancreas.
Type 2 diabetes happens due to the body produces low quantity of insulin or the cells not
responding to the insulin produced by the pancreas this condition is known as insulin resistance.
Due to this condition the body doesn’t recognize insulin and do not use it properly.

The glucose which remains in the blood is
harmful for the cells. It affects their functioning. This high glucose level is known as glucose
toxicity.

Diabetes diagnosis is done mainly by two
types they are urine and blood test. The urine test shows samples of glucose in it. The blood
test is of three types. In all the types the blood glucose level is high and above normal range.
Type 2 diabetes is due to obesity and lack of intake in physical activities.
Obesity or overweight is the major cause of diabetes in US. 95 percent people are diabetic due
to overweight.

The main Signs and symptoms of diabetes are
Extreme thirst
Frequent urination
Numbness in feet and hands
Increase in appetite
Poor wound healing
Unexplained weight loss or gain
In ignored cases diabetes is more
dangerous and it leads to heart disease like heart attacks, strokes. It may also cause coma and
death.

Read Articles on Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms – What are the Major Symptoms of Adult Onset Diabetes?.

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