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Viral Meningitis,Causes and Treatments

The condition in which the meninges and cerebrospinal fluid around the brain get inflammed due to an attack by bacteria, viruses or fungii known as meningitis. Due to the closeness of the infection to the brain meningitis can sometimes turn serious and deadly. The seriousness of the infection would be determined by the causative reasons and at what stage the infection is.Meningitis symptoms are typically characterized by bad headaches, stiff neck, tiredness, vomiting, fever , leg pain, dull skin tone and difficulty in consuming food and drinks.

After visiting my third doctor in seven days he had only one piece of advice for me, “Get to the nearest hospital…NOW!” The closest hospital was 20 minutes away, I made it there in 7 breaking the Australian land speed record in the process.Straight away the doctors put me in for a brain scan. As I waited for the results the doctors told me it was one of three things: viral meningitis; bacterial meningitis or a brain hemorrhage.They told me I should hope for the first one as the last two can be fatal. So now I was praying to God for viral meningitis! For what seemed like an eternity the doctor came back in to deliver the news.

Meningitis is an inflammation of the tissue surrounding the brain. While some types of meningitis cause just mild, flu like symptoms, others are serious enough to cause death within several hours. Some children, although not becoming ill, may carry the virus causing meningitis; contagious to others through respiratory secretions. The most common types of the disease are viral and bacterial, with different strains of each resulting from multiple causes. Since each type can begin with the same symptoms, it is important to seek medical help as soon as possible for an accurate diagnosis.

Viral and bacterial meningitis are the most common forms of this disease. There are many symptoms that might accompany the disease, one of which is meningitis rash. The rash takes different forms with each, although there are similarities as well. It may appear as just a few spots on some people, cover the majority of the body in other people, while no rash at all may be experienced by others.

Causes

The infection can be caused by bacteria, viruses or even fungi. The infection is usually caused by viruses, less commonly by bacteria and even less commonly by fungi. The disease is usually serious if it is caused by bacteria as it can turn deadly and necessary treatment should be administered immediately. Bacterial meningitis can be caused by a number of organisms such as neisseria meningitis. streptococcus pneumonial, haemophilus influenza and listeria cytocenes. The bacteria attack the individual by penetrating into the blood stream and ultimately moving towards the brain and spinal cord.

Meningitis is an inflammation of the leptomeninges and underlying subarachnoid cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Meningitis is the inflammation of the protective membranes covering the central nervous system, known collectively as the meninges. Meningitis is a disease involving inflammation, or irritation, of the meninges. Most cases of meningitis are caused by microorganisms, such as viruses, bacteria, fungi, or parasites, that spread into the blood and into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).

Many of the bacteria or viruses that can cause meningitis are fairly common and are more often associated with other everyday illnesses. Sometimes, however, they spread to the meninges from an infection in another part of the body. The meninges are composed of three layers of membranes enclosing the brain and spinal cord. Pia mater is the innermost layer. It is akin to a tissue paper that closely adheres to the brain and spinal cord, dipping into the various folds and crevices. Arachnoid mater is the middle layer. It is a filmy membrane that is joined to the pia mater by fine threads resembling a cobweb.

Viral infection, Fungal infection, A reaction to medications, A reaction to medical treatments, Lupus, Some forms of cancer, A trauma to the head or back. Anyone can catch meningitis. This is especially true if your immune system is weak.Meningitis often begins like the flu does. The major meningitis symptoms include a severe headache that will not go away, stiffness in the neck, stiffness in the upper back, pain in one or both eyes, or an aversion to light, nausea, or the feeling of an upset stomach, vomiting, achy body, fever, sleepy feeling, or the feeling that you just cannot wake up completely, confusion, or a feeling of just not being with it.

Treatment for Meningitis Tips

1. Acute bacterial meningitis requires prompt treatment with intravenous antibiotics to ensure recovery and reduce the risk of complications.

2. Pneumovax (also known as Prevenar) against Streptococcus pneumoniae is recommended for all people 65 years of age or older.

3. Drugs such as dexamethasone are sometimes given to reduce inflammation or to reduce the chance, or spread, of septicemia.

4. Antifungals to combat the infection are usually administered, as well as fluids and
medicine to control pain and fever.

Those who only know one or two facts about meningitis can be confused by misleading information. The best way to help those who are misled is to gently correct them with the truths you’re learning here. All information about Meningitis on this article is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.

Bacterial meningitis is caused from different types of bacteria and viral meningitis can be from a complication of chickenpox. Today, most children are now vaccinated against
chickenpox therefore this can rule out this type of meningitis in most cases.If your meningitis facts are out-of-date, how will that affect your actions and decisions? Make certain you don’t let important meningitis information slip by you.Bacterial meningitis must be treated quickly. Severe bacterial meningitis will require intravenous antibiotics. Antibiotics cannot be used to treat viral meningitis because they do not kill viruses. The best prevention against meningitis is to, of course, be vaccinated if at all possible.

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