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What procedures are involved with Orthopaedic surgery?

Orthopedic (sometimes spelled orthopaedic) surgery corrects problems that arise in the skeleton and its attachments, the ligaments and tendons. It also deals with areas of the nervous system, particularly damage to the spinal area. Most of the problems arise either from birth, or through an injury or because of the age of the person.

Doctors that specialise in this area are called othopedic surgeons or othopedists – either term can be used. The word “orthopedic”comes from two Greek words, ortho, meaning straight and pais, meaning child. Originally orthopedics surgery dealt with bone deformities in children, using braces to straighten the child’s bones. With the development of modern surgical techniques, orthopedic surgeons expanded their roles. They now include surgery of the bones and related nerves and connective tissue.

Some othopedic surgeons prefer to be specialists in one particular field like hand surgery or spinal problems. Others specialize in trauma medicine and can be found in emergency rooms and trauma centres treating injuries. The work of orthopedists can overlap with that of plastic surgeons, geriatric specialists, pediatricians, or podiatrists. Sports medicine is a rapidly growing area of orthopedics, and many doctors treating sports injuries are also qualified othopedists.

Selecting who is going to do the operation is a vital step in the process. Customers seeking qualified surgeons should seek proof that they are recognised by the ‘certification board’ that regulates the industry.

It is advisable to seek the opinion of your GP before consulting with and organization offering the treatment. Your doctor should be able to recommend you to an NHS specialist. If you prefer to use private healthcare, this is also acceptable.

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