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Bone Densitometry – The Best Clinical Technique to Diagnose Osteoporosis

Bones are important constituents of our body, which make the skeletal system. Bones are just like a steel structure of a building on which it stands. Very similarly, skeletal system of our body is a structure on which whole body constituent like muscle and organs stand. The composition of bone is very important which some time changes with age and in some cases the composition of bone reduces to a low level which gives rise to a malady called osteoporosis. Which can be detected by a technique called Bone Densitometry.

Osteoporosis is deficiency of elements of bones, which make it tough and hard. This deficiency can lead to several problems in man and women. Even a small collision or fall-down can cause fracture in bones of people suffering from osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is a disease of old age and most commonly occurs in women after menopause. Women need to check their bone density at the age of 40 and 45, although men are also at risk in their middle age. It is a slow disease which can take your life if not cured.

Osteoporosis can be easily diagnosed by Bone densitometry; it is one of the most widely used techniques all over world to detect osteoporosis. The technique is usually performed in radiology department. It is performed on the basis of dual X-ray absorptiometry, which is called Bone densitometry in medical terms. Final results are made comparing the normal bone density and that of detected one. Apart from this there are many other techniques as well which are practiced in hospitals. Ultrasound, Quantitative computed tomography(QCT), are some of the newer technique which are under practiced but they have certain limitation at some or other point of diagnosis.

Symptoms of disease are quite unique but if you are conscious about your health and aware about osteoporosis you can really help your self. Although gradual decline in height and back pain, are symptoms of osteoporosis. There is only one way to detect osteoporosis that is Bone densitometry. This technique is also helpful in determining the time required to fill the gap of minimum bone density requirement which make a normal bone density.

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Osteoporosis Management

Osteoporosis Overview

Osteoporosis is a health condition in which the thickness of the bones is reduced and they become more prone to fracture.  The bone mineral density (BMD) is reduced significantly which disrupts the bone micro architecture and alters the number of non-collagenous proteins in the bone. Osteoporosis results in fragile, porous, and week bones. The components like protein, collagen, and calcium that make the bones and give them the strength are lessened and this causes osteoporosis. Osteoporosis can cause the bones to break, crack, or collapse even by a small injury. The common areas in which the serious fractures occur are spine, hips, and wrists. Women are more prone Osteoporosis especially when they have reached their menopause stage. The condition is called postmenopausal osteoporosis. Osteoporosis can occur in both men and women.

Common Symptoms of Osteoporosis

There are no particular symptoms of Osteoporosis apart from fractures in different skeleton bones. Sometimes this bone disease is not detected for years and patients are not aware of their condition until the problem is serious or there is a server painful fracture. Osteoporosis can be identified from the areas in which the fractures occur.

  • Spine fractures that result in severe back pain and hunched-back can be Osteoporosis
  • Minimal trauma fracture occurred in course of normal activity can be a sign of Osteoporosis
  • Hip fractures caused due to falling or a trivial accident can be a symptom of Osteoporosis

Prevention and Treatment of Osteoporosis

Prevention is the treatment of osteoporosis as there is nothing that can completely rebuild the bones. Early detection can help to reduce the risk of fractures and taking adequate amount of calcium and vitamin can help to increase bone density and strength. Medications that can help to make the bones strong, such as alendronate (Fosamax), risedronate (Actonel), raloxifene (Evista), ibandronate (Boniva), calcitonin (Calcimar), and zoledronate (Reclast) can be helpful for osteoporosis patients.

Some of the preventive measures that an osteoporosis patient must take are:

  • Take a protein and calcium rich balance diet and exercise regularly.
  • Curtail alcohol intake and quit cigarette smoking.
  • Intake of calcium supplements can help in building strong and healthy bones.

Diagnosis of Osteoporosis

Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA or DEXA) is the most common process that is used to diagnosis osteoporosis. In addition to this certain blood tests and X-rays are done to check the acuteness of the problem. All tests must be performed by highly experienced doctors, who have complete knowledge of the disease and are experts in the field.

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About Author specializes in women health care and provides complete information on Osteoporosis Management.For more details visit

Physical Therapy And Osteoporosis

Both the diagnosis of osteoporosis and a bone fracture can have a paralyzing effect: You might find that you are scared to engage in activities that could potentially cause a new fracture or injury. Fortunately, following a rehabilitation treatment plan outlined and supervised by a physical therapist can not only getting you back on your feet, but also help you feel confident about doing so.

Osteoporosis Treatment: Advantages of Physical Therapy

If a person is afraid of falling or they fear another fracture, it may be time to get a physical therapist (PT). A PT can help the patient navigate the world into safe activities versus activities that may cause another fracture. A PT can also assist in helping the patient build some muscle tone in order to prevent future fractures.

For many people, their first experience with osteoporosis comes by way of a fracture to the spine, hip, wrist, or ankle from an impact that would not have caused injury in earlier years. Even rolling over in bed can cause vertebral (spinal) fractures for some people. This is when rehabilitation focuses on pain management immediately after the fracture and then on returning to an active lifestyle as the fracture heals.

For both wrist and hip fractures there is a lot of evidence that people don’t return to full function unless they go to PT after the sub-acute phase (about six weeks after injury). Studies show six months of progressive resistance exercises done three times a week and supervised by a physical therapist provides the best outcomes for patients with hip fractures.

Not all health insurance programs cover this amount of physical therapy, but it is beneficial to meet with a PT once a week and then do recommended exercises in a fitness facility as an alternative. However, supervision by a trained physical therapist helps to prevent additional fractures, so be especially cautious when exercising on your own.

A physical therapist can also help you to find the best fitting assistive device, such as a cane or walker, to use during your healing period. After a fracture, you might not need to use one for a long time, but a cane or walker can keep up your fitness during recovery and also reduce pain.

Osteoporosis Treatment: Physical Therapy Rehab Before a Fracture

Injury prevention is a part of rehabilitation, and ideally people with osteoporosis should work with a physical therapist before they experience an injury. If your doctor has diagnosed you with osteoporosis, you should start making the changes that will prevent an injury now. Such changes include:

– Learning how to lift items without using your back

– Learning how to move without twisting your spine

– Implementing fall prevention strategies at home, work, and on the go

– Identifying exercises that can keep you safely active

– Asking for help with tasks that require lifting heavy items or climbing

Preventing fractures before they happen is obviously best. But if you do suffer a fracture, healing properly and getting advice on how to prevent another one are going to be even more important, and that’s where a physical therapist can be your best ally.

Being a premier clinic for physical therapy in Chicago, we have been publishing useful welness tips on our, so go to the blog to read more.

About Author
Dr. Ali Rafie is a board certified Chicago chiropractic physician and the owner of several multidisciplinary medical offices throughout the Windy City. Dr. Rafie considers it a priority to serve his community, which is why he regularly publishes articles covering a broad range of wellness topics.

Osteoporosis Treatment Methods

Osteoporosis is a condition in which the density in the bone substantially decreases. This, in turn, causes a person to have severely fragile bones. Osteoporosis can lead to blood clots, pneumonia, and extreme pain. Due to the fact that osteoporosis can lead to a number of heightened medical conditions, there are several different treatment methods that have been developed as a result. Osteoporosis treatment is performed to improve the current conditions that an osteoporosis patient is subjected to, and to prevent that patient from contracting further medical complications.

Osteoporosis treatment typically geared towards strengthening the bones. Physicians work to prevent bone fractures by using treatment methods that will work to increase the bone’s density. Although it has been stated by many physicians that osteoporosis treatment will not completely build or rebuild bones to their full strength, osteoporosis treatment certainly works to improve the overall condition within the medical patient. Even if osteoporosis treatment only serves to relieve the majority of the pain, many patients are content with that prospect in and of itself.

Since there is so much pain that can be associated with having osteoporosis, physicians have patients to which they decipher that the best treatment method that they can provide for the individual is to offer them prescription medication. Using medication as osteoporosis treatment may be an alternative for patients that are not gaining much relief from physical therapy. In addition, medicated osteoporosis treatment may be given in conjunction to physical therapy. This is because there are a number of osteoporosis medications that have been developed that also help patients restore bone loss or bone formation.

Sometimes the best osteoporosis treatment methods can be performed by the individual that has the condition. There are a number of people that have contracted osteoporosis as a result of some unhealthy activity that they partake in on a regular basis. Abstaining from that harmful component can be extremely beneficial to those that have osteoporosis. For instance, those that have osteoporosis and consume large amounts of alcohol can benefit from refraining from alcohol consumption. Another helpful osteoporosis treatment method that can be performed directly by the patient is to eat healthy. Eating a balanced diet is a factor that is attributed to the strengthening of your bones. In that balanced diet, an additional component of self motivated osteoporosis training is to make sure that you are consuming those essential vitamins that are vital to your bones. Those individuals that have osteoporosis can truly help themselves by making sure that they are taking in a sufficient amount of Vitamin C and calcium, each and every day.

Is Vibration Exercise A Good Treatment For Osteoporosis?

Vibration training has become more and more popular over the last year or so and is now receiving a huge amount of interest and discussion. It’s now suggested that vibration exercises could be used to increase circulation, muscle strength and weight loss, whilst decreasing cellulite and recovery time after injuries.

Many people however have also suggested that the use of a vibration exercise machine can hugely increase BMD (bone mineral density), whilst also increasing leg strength and general power. Read the rest of this entry »

Osteoporosis and How to Prevent or Reverse It

Osteoporosis is on the increase in the world, but particularly in the western world. With increased knowledge about health care and better diets than in past decades, how is this possible?

It really comes down to diet. There is a saying that you are what you eat. Women are traditionally the primary food providers in a family. With women now going to work, often full time, convenience food is becoming more common.

Most people are aware convenience food aren’t healthy, but they are, well, convenient.

But there is absolutely no need to fall for the fast food, the supermarket packets, the frozen food, the tinned food, to bring together a meal quickly. These are all ‘dead’ foods, most having been processed so much there are few nutrients left.

You can create a quick meal which is also nutritious. It’s just knowing what you need. And how to do it.

Most people don’t eat nearly enough fresh fruit and vegetables. This should be the key to every healthy diet, not just when you’re trying to prevent or reverse osteoporosis. Make fresh fruit and vegetables at least 50% of your diet.

Try to eat as much of it raw as possible. Cooking destroys enzymes and enzymes are essential to good health.

Buy appetising and exciting produce. Don’t just purchase the normal, if it doesn’t excite you. Make eating a pleasure. Don’t stint on this side of your grocery bill.

If you are on a budget, you will be far healthier to spend the bulk of it on fresh fruit and vegetables than on meat, dairy or convenience foods.

Green leafy vegetables, such as spinach, kale, bok choi, broccoli, etc are very high in digestible calcium, in natural balance. These can be quite a dull vegetable to eat, especially raw. But if you have a powerful blender, you can include them in delicious smoothies.

For example, blend bananas, raspberries and baby spinach. Vary the ingredients and quantities to suit your palate, but make sure there is plenty of spinach. This is one of the best and most delicious answers to preventing and reversing osteoporosis.

How’s that for a quick, easy and above all, nutritious breakfast? I challenge you to try that one on your kids, too.

This alone will do you far more good than any isolated or synthetic mineral supplement on the market. You evolved to gain your nutrients from food. Isolated and synthetic supplements are made in the laboratory. They are not in natural balance and at best are quickly eliminated (expensive poo). At worst they hang up in parts of your body where they have the potential of causing damage.

Damage such as kidney stones. Some of the supplements have even been found to cause osteoporosis.

Supplementing your diet is certainly a sound idea, in today’s stressful world. You just need to be aware that there are supplements and supplements.

Blue green algae is known as a super food. This means that it has all the macro nutrients and many of the micro nutrients, all in natural balance. So it can be absorbed by your body easily.

Madeleine Innocent PhotoAbout Author
Madeleine Innocent. If you liked this article, then I invite you to my download my free report to solve more problems like these. You can receive my free, weekly ezine on how to improve your health and that of your family, including pets, naturally.

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