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Smoking and Women’s Health

Everyone is affected by smoking, regardless of the gender. Smoking is not only the pastime of males. Even if in the onset of the twentieth century it was rare for women to smoke, the number increased greatly over the past decades. In a survey in 2002, it is estimated that 20 percent of the woman population smokes, and each year, it is estimated that 142,000 women dies due to diseases that are related to smoking.

The Consequences of Smoking

Women smokers suffer all the consequences of smoking that men do and sometimes even a lot more. This would include certain types of cancer like:

* Lung cancer
* Mouth cancer
* Larynx cancer
* Kidney cancer
* Bladder cancer

There are also respiratory diseases that women have to suffer from as a consequence of smoking. It could also have an effect on the fertility, menstrual cycle of women, and during the pregnancy of women. Smoking could have a great effect on the bones, and it could cause osteoporosis. Aside from that, appearance can change when you smoke. The skin and lips would look dull.

Pregnancy and Smoking 

Pregnant women who smoke could have complications on their pregnancy that could result to their and their baby’s poor health. The chemicals that are present in tobacco are passed on from the mother to the baby, and there are toxins that are present that can cause harm to both of them. It is said that smoking during pregnancy can be associated with the following effects:

* Preterm pregnancy
* Low birth weight
* Placenta previa
* Premature rupture of membranes
* Miscarriage
* Neonatal death

Women who smoke during pregnancy produce a baby who has the same level of nicotine as they do have in their blood. These babies are more likely to experience health problems like colds, respiratory problems, and other related illnesses than normal babies. This would result to a lot of visits to the pediatrician.

Smoking and Infertility

Women who smoke have greater risks of being infertile than those who don’t. There are also studies that show that there is a constant decrease in the ovulatory response of women smokers. They would have a hard time inducing fertilization and in the implantation of the zygote because these functions would be impaired. Chemicals that are present in tobacco as well as toxins have an effect on the cervical fluids; therefore, the environment to which the sperm travels would be toxic, making it hard for them to reach the egg.

Smoking and the Teen Bracket

Among the smoking population, it is the teenage girls who are largely affected. The teen years is an era of experimentation, and this would involve a lot of smoking. Whether girls do this because of experimentation or because of peer pressure, the effect is that they would be affected in the end. The cigarette industry mostly target women and girls because they know that they are more susceptible to being addicted with nicotine. Girls who start smoking early would or could become lifelong smokers, and this could have negative effects on their health. Some of these effects are early menopause, abnormal bleeding during their period, and infections.

About Author
Orlando Women’s Center Second, And Late Term Abortions Clinic. Dr. James S. Pendergraft opened the Abortion Clinics in March 1996 to provide a full range of health care for women, including abortions and Orlando Women’s Center Second, And Late Term Abortions Clinic.

Are Cigarettes Causing My Dry Mouth?

Many things may make any person to end up having a dry mouth which include use of cigarette smoking and several other tobacco-related items. Talk to anyone that uses tobacco as well as has been cigarette users before and likely they’ll explain to you that they suffered possessing a dry mouth. They will possibly affirm their dry mouth isn’t relating to their use of cigarettes and tobacco products. Read the rest of this entry »

Get a Smoking Hot Body Now, At Any Age

Secret Weapon? What is it? It can be summed up in one word. Kettlebells.

What are kettlebells?

A ‘kettlebell’ or girya (Russ.) is a traditional Russian cast iron weight that looks like a cannonball with a handle. Its simplicity and ease of use makes the kettlebell the ultimate tool for extreme total body fitness for women of all ages and body types.

Even for women?

Yes. The kettlebell is now becoming the favored ultimate fitness tool for busy women of all ages and fitness levels who are eager to get and stay strong, beautiful, toned, sleek, and radiantly young.

Yeah? How so?

Here are just a few of the documented Russian kettlebell benefits for women:

It blasts away the unwanted weight gains from pregnancy

Tones hips, thighs, and butt fast

Time commitment is minor–despite major results

You get stronger

Immune system strengthens and rebuilds itself

Creates better, more attractive posture

Rapidly builds incredible muscle tone and abs

Yet, will NOT bulk up a woman’s body!

Nothing blasts cellulite faster

Heart rate dramatically improves

Full body workout, full range of motion

Finally something that “older” women can do

Huge confidence builder

Women in their 20s–even 90s–can do it

Blasts the fatigue that most women feel

Countless women have reported relieving fibromyalgia

Its efficiency as a timesaver is unrivaled.

Beginners to intermediate, anyone can benefit.

You can do it in the privacy of your own home.

Kettlebells save space in your home. No bulky equipment.

Kettlebells come in many different sizes, for each woman’s individual needs

What if you like personal training and classes too?

More and more women are demanding classes and trainers for kettlebell fitness. There are a few reasons why women like classes:

  • Women tend to be more disciplined
  • Women like groups
  • Women stick to it better than men, especially with encouragement
  • Women are bored and tired of the endless fluffy fake fitness garbage out there, and will definitely stick to something that works. And they are finding that Russian kettlebells work.

Therefore, the premier Russian Kettlebell provider in the U.S., Dragon Door, has also answered this demand of the modern woman:

1. Many women often choose to become Russian Kettlebell Certified (RKC) because they feel better and look better than they ever have in their lives, and want that sense of accomplishment and encouragement that comes from the certification, and from meeting other women and men who used kettlebells to transform their bodies and quality of lives.

2. Dragon Door has elite trainers all over the country, and continues to expand to meet the escalating demands of the smart men and women who are not interested in fads and trends, but with what really works.

About Author
To find the very best Dragon Door-certified kettlebell trainer close to you visit: now

Quitting Smoking – How to Stop Smoking?

We all know that smoking is bad for health which is why many smokers try to quit. However, it is easier said than done for regular smokers to give up smoking. This is mainly because of the momentary pleasure that we derive from nicotine in cigarettes. This chemical triggers the pleasure centers in the brain and stimulates the body. Nicotine is responsible for addiction whereas other 3999 additives and substances in the cigarettes such as ammonia, naphthalene, acetone, butane, formaldehyde and tar cause serious health problems.

About smoking

1 in every 10 people across the globe die because of a smoking related disease. Cancers, emphysema, respiratory disorders, amputation of arms or legs, cataracts, ulcers are just some of the long-term problems a smoker is likely to face. Smoking not only affects your life but those too who are with you or dependant on you, especially children and pregnant women. You should stop smoking for them, if not for you.

Why should I stop smoking?

By quitting smoking you will see a vast improvement in your in fitness, a positive mental state, a better sex life and improved career prospects. These benefits can be seen in just weeks once you stop smoking. You can even stop smoking for the sake of your loved ones or children, as by smoking you are jeopardizing not only your health and life but their lives too.

Why smoking cessation treatments?

Nicotine, the addictive substance in cigarettes, is responsible for smoking addiction. Some smokers are not addicted to nicotine only; they are hooked on to the act of smoking because of the habit. Need for treatment arises when a smoker is physically as well as psychologically addicted to smoking. Immediate treatment is directly related to the number of cigarettes smoked during a day. The more the number of cigarettes smoked; the more the number of years of addiction; the more important and necessary it becomes to get smoking cessation treatment.

Smoking cessation treatments

There are various types of smoking cessation treatments on the market. From nicotine replacement therapies and stop smoking programs to prescription medications and alternative therapies. Out of all these treatments, only prescription medications, Chantix and Zyban are clinically tested and proven.

Pros and cons of the most popular treatments of smoking cessation

Here’s a list of the 3 most popular forms of smoking cessation treatments and their pros and cons:

  • Nicotine replacement therapies – Provide nicotine minus other dangerous substances in cigarettes thereby taking care of nicotine withdrawals – A slight risk of re-addiction is involved when using these products as they contain nicotine and a person is not completely weaned off nicotine
  • Zyban – Primarily an anti-depressant drug, Zyban works for smoking cessation by taking targeting withdrawals – Carries a risk of side effects such as skin rashes, jitters and seizures
  • Chantix – The latest aid for smoking cessation, which helps by reducing nicotine cravings and withdrawals – Linked to a very small number of psychiatric problems and suicidal behavior
About Author
Chantix provides an effective way for your smoking cessation treatment. Now you can buy oral treatments to stop smoking online from

Barbecue Grilling and Smoking Secrets Revealed

The art of barbecuing has got to be one of the oldest arts in the world. The first grilled items would have been those cooked over an open fire by the cavemen. Can’t you just visualize the first time they found the charred remains of a Saber Tooth Tiger in the forest? They were probably retrieving burning sticks for the cave fire and were enticed to the carcass by the inviting smell of the cooked flesh. In time they would have realized things like: animals were best cooked without the fur, and that meat cooked with certain woods tasted better than those done over ordinary spruce. This would have naturally led to experimentation with other combinations.

Then, one night as Mama Ugh was preparing some wild boar on a spit over the fire, Papa Yuck arrived home with a honeycomb he had discovered. While he was trying to melt the honey out of the honeycomb some of it dripped onto the hog meat and, ZOWIE— BBQ sauces were born.

This experimenting still goes on today almost every time someone cooks over the open fire or in a state-of-the-art barbecue grill. Barbecuing fascinates us, like camp fires and fast flowing rivers. We long to reach back to ancestral times and explore culinary possibilities as they must have been. Today, however, we normally don’t cook over open fires. Our venture into the past is usually on an ultra modern Weber that operates on some kind of flammable gas and using a variety of choice cut meats and condiments.

Never mind, the thought is still there, and the competition just as intense, to grill the absolutely best BBQ dinner on the cave colony or in the modern day county.

We spend about $250 on a grill and upwards to $100 on accessories, and then experiment for the most part with steaks, ribs, chicken, hamburger, or pork, to try not to make it look like we “throwed it in the fire for fifteen o twenty minutes and then drug it out”. Then we add to the cost of our learning experience every time we fork out another twenty bucks for those choice cuts so that we can eat “primitive”.

Let’s take a look at what we need to consider before getting into barbecuing.

1.) Before you do anything else think carefully about what you want to barbecue or smoke and whether there is one piece of equipment available that is versatile enough to do everything you want your barbecue to do.

2.) If the grill is mainly for barbecuing, the next thing would be the equipment required or desired. I say desired because your individual tastes are the most important when making decisions regarding food. Do you prefer



-or gas grills?

You also need to ask yourself if the grill is to be used for grilling only, or also for smoking meat? Many BBQ’s today feature side burners and warmers, and you might even want built-in igniters if you choose a gas grill. There are even grills that are designed with special smoking features.

3.) Will you need accessories for your barbecue/smoker?


-shish kabob tools,

-corn cradles,

-potato molds,

-fish and/or meat holders,

-shrimp baskets,

-marshmallow and wiener roasting “sticks”,

-tongs, forks, knives, basting brushes, and/or burger flippers,

-cleaning brushes, scrapers, and cleaners,


-barbecue mitts, hats, and aprons,

-smoking rack

There is a wide range of products available and it is probably best to do a little research into these areas before you lay out your hard earned cash. I speak from experience when I say that you can easily spend a hundred dollars on accessories.

4.) Once you have the desired equipment you will need to choose the right type of meat or food based entirely on your personal preferences. A few choices include:





-chicken, duck, or turkey,

-pork chops,

-sirloin strip,





-sausages, or wieners,

-shish kabob products (meat, onions, peppers, tomatoes, etc.),

This list could go on and on. If you have a food that you like to cook you can probably find a way to barbecue it.

5.) Along with that you may want to put a little study into the types of



-or wet or dry rubs

that you and those close to you would prefer. This is usually a matter of personal taste but can also be determined by the type and condition of the meat. Especially if you are considering grilling a lot of wild game meat you may want to use special marinades that will keep the meat more moist or even tenderize the steaks from your trophy animal. You may want to cook your baked potatoes with onion, garlic, and spices, or grill your corn in a butter bath.

6.) Then you will have to give consideration as to where you want to use and store your barbecue. By where you would like to use it I mean, giving consideration to anything flammable that might be too close to it and the availability of water in case of an emergency. For storing you need to decide if you are going to put it under cover such as a tool shed or whether to purchase a BBQ cover if it is to remain outdoors.

7.) Just as we do in our kitchens you will want to browse for the best recipes and procedures to produce the best BBQ food possible possible. The only thing left for you to do is to search for and practice with different procedures and recipes, and then decide which friends you want to invite down and dazzle with your barbecuing prowess.

James Hudson PhotoAbout Author
Howdy! My name is James Hudson. Discover how you can become a WORLD CLASS BBQr! On your very own grill! In your own backyard! I invite you to visit: to find out how you can become the No. 1 BBQr in your area! SEE YA’LL AT:

The Various Curbs on Cigarette Smoking Result in Other Headaches For The Governments

Today despite all the measures like banning cigarette advertising and setting purchase restrictions, the most effective way to preserve the health of the nation is raising the taxes and the price of a cigarette pack. Scientific researches show that the raising of the cigarette prizes results in lower overall cigarette consumption. The increasing of prices affects mostly minorities, low-income smokers, and most important the Youth. For example a 10% increase in price, reduces the overall cigarette consumption by 3% to 5%. So the governments try to solve the problem with smoking by raising the taxes on cigarette packs and this triggers another problem –smuggling.

Naturally when the prices are rising, the illegal importers get more and more possibilities every day. When the government is raising the price it is basically rising the tax, the price of a pack remains constant. In the United States this tax can vary from $0,7 to bout $4,0 in different states. So smuggling exists even between the states. But before we move on with this topic let us define the terms. Mostly people view smuggling as similar to illegal trade, but there is a difference. Legally the term is defined as following: smuggling is an international trade through ‘unauthorized route’ (A seaport, airport or land port which has not been authorized by the government for importation and exportation).

If we look through the recent headlines we will see that the number of disturbing cases that shows that Cigarette smuggling has increased in North America and Europe with the latest tax raises. On May, 16 the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) seized around 1.75 million contraband cigarettes near Manitoba – Ontario border. On the same day across the border in the United States New York City Police Department (NYPD) also ceased 1.17 million cigarettes. Together it makes around 3 million in one day and the fact that one truckload of smuggled cigarettes can lead to a profit of $2 million dollar increases the motivation of smugglers.

The illegal smuggling of tobacco leads to thousands of dollars in lost tax revenue to governments. In Manitoba for example it is estimated that over $300,000 are lost in tax revenue from illegal cigarette sales. By the way the taxes collected from tobacco sales usually are frequently used to pay for tobacco use prevention programs. Canadian officers ceased not only illegal unmarked cigarettes but also the so called “discount” brand cigarettes.

These types of goods usually come from third world countries and are another way of smuggling tobacco. As for the other recent cases only on this week 90,000 contraband cigarettes were seized from Lithuanian travelers at the Dublin Ireland airport and in Ontario Provincial Police recovered 160,000 unmarked cigarettes from a man in Manitoba. As for the United States in April American officials discovered a warehouse containing illegal tobacco worth about $20 million dollars. So as you see the numbers are dramatically increasing and the more the governments tries to protect the health of the nation, the more losses it brings to them.

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For more information regarding new market lawyers, Copy right lawyers, Patent Lawyers and Attorney please visit:

Quit Smoking Cigarettes – How to Stop Part 2

As has been said in these articles, it is very, very hard to simply quit smoking. This is because the smoker has built a psychological smoking mechanism from an early age and reinforces it with every cigarette. You see, it takes great WILL POWER to smoke each cigarette. The WILL POWER is generated by the psychological smoking mechanism which is maintained by beliefs.

They consist of Why I Started Smoking and Why I Continue to Smoke beliefs. Both of these categories of beliefs support each other. In The Unlearn Smoking Success System (TM) both categories are explored extensively. In this article we will explore how advertising helps to shape and strengthen beliefs that smoking is a good thing, to induce young people to smoke.

Advertising to Program Attitudes

If you are like me, you grew up in the “television generation.” This was the time when the majority of the television programs were sponsored by the tobacco companies. The television era of cigarette advertising ended January 2, 1971 but it continued in print and other forms of advertising until the present time.

What impact did this advertising have? Let’s explore it.

Tobacco Company Sponsored Programs – One Big Commercial for Smoking

When a show was sponsored by a cigarette company, they usually used it to promote a specific brand.

They also made certain that they had well known celebrities promote the product. Since the majority of programs were sponsored by tobacco companies, some of the best loved shows on TV were promoting cigarette smoking!

As a child, one of my favorite shows was the Jack Benny show. Probably one of the funniest comedians ever. He was a pioneer in television as he was in radio. For many years, his TV program was sponsored by Lucky Strike cigarettes made by the American Tobacco Company.

Remember, funny programs appealed to children and the advertising was planting seeds of programming.

Let’s review a particular episode of The Jack Benny Program. This program aired October 25, 1953 and was typical of all the early shows. The guest star was Humphery Bogart, a mega-star of the time having starred in such classics as The Maltese Falcon and The African Queen. He won an Oscar for his role in The African Queen.

As mentioned, Jack Benny’s program was sponsored by Lucky Strike cigarettes, a brand very much around today. The opening of the show made it very clear it was there because of Lucky Strike. Then, there was a commercial with Dorothy Collins singing the praises of Lucky Strike. The theme at this time was the LSMFT, letters with which I’m sure you’re familiar. What do they mean? Lucky Strike Means Fine Tobacco. I heard that phrase so many times as a child, after all these years, it is still a reflex! Of course, that is what it was intended to be. The jingle that Dorothy Collins sang really appealed to children. At the end, the slogan, “Be Happy Go Lucky”, a takeoff of a popular phrase at the time. Yes, they gave the cigarette a cute nickname of Lucky. Smoke a “Lucky”!

Then, during the show, there was a commercial written into the script so it wouldn’t appear as a commercial. Now this is very deceptive to children. For this episode, Humphery Bogart played a criminal that was brought in for questioning by Jack Benny’s police character. In the course of the interrogation, with policeman Benny “sweating it out of him”, Bogart repeats all the Lucky Strike advertising slogans.

What effect did this have on children? It made Lucky Strike very appealing!

At this time, Humphrey Bogart was a big star known internationally. He had done many highly successful movies. Even today, there are posters of “Bogie” with a cigarette hanging out of his mouth; this was his trademark. He was a tough guy; a powerful role model. This certainly appealed to young people. As mentioned previously, this episode aired in October of 1953. In January of 1957, a little over three years later, Humphrey Bogart died of throat cancer. At the time of his death, the 5’8″ actor weighed just 80 pounds.

What sort of deceptive programming did you get as a child from cigarette advertising? Let’s look at some of the themes attached to the various cigarette brands:

VICEROY: “Gives double-barreled health protection.”

smoking — either cleared completely or definitely improved!” and “Medical authorities recognize PhillipPHILLIP MORRIS: “When smokers changed to Phillip Morris every case of nose or throat — due to Morris proved less irritating to the smoker’s nose and throat .”

PARLIAMENT: “You’re so smart to smoke Parliaments.”

MARLBORO:”Gee, Mommy you sure enjoy your Marlboros.”

LUCKY STRIKE: “11,105 doctors say Lucky Strikes prevent throat irritation.” and “Ask your doctor about a light smoke.”

L&M:”Just what the doctor ordered.”

CHESTERFIELD: “Nose, throat, and accessory organs not adversely affected by smoking Chesterfields.” (This was Bogart’s brand. Two packs a day)

KENT: “No other cigarette approaches such a degree of health protection and taste satisfaction.”

OLD GOLD: “Not a Cough in a Carload”

An interesting note about the Old Gold slogan. Bing Crosby, well know singer/actor had a radio

program sponsored by Old Gold. In those days before recordings became common, everything was done live. It so happens that Bing was suffering from a cold. Ironically, while doing the commercial and repeating, “Not a Cough in a Carload”, he started coughing. This was actually, although accidentally, truth in advertising but the tobacco company didn’t appreciate it.

Bing Crosby was one of the pioneers in helping to promote and develop tape recorders so that he wouldn’t have to do a live show again. It is said that this on air incident was what motivated him to do so.

These are but a small sample of advertising slogans used over many decades. The wording was programming to help the smoker overcome the bodies normal defense reactions with such statements as, “Medical authorities recognize Phillip Morris proved less irritating to the smoker’s nose and throat and, “Not a Cough in a Carload.”

They also told people they were smart to smoke and that doctors recommended it!

For young people, this gave them plenty of reasons to start smoking. This advertising was very effective as was demonstrated by the incidence of new smokers decreasing after cigarette advertising on television was banned January 2, 1971. However, due to the many people who were exposed to such programming, it continues to affect new generations as smoking is still promoted.

Smokers have forgotten most of the reasons why they started smoking because it was so many years ago.

Using the memory recall techniques of The Unlearn Smoking Success System(tm), people are able to find out just how much they were influenced by cigarette and tobacco advertising. This is an important step to undo the advertising programming that is fueling the WILL POWER to smoke. When the WILL POWER to smoke is gone, so is smoking!

In future articles I will discuss reasons people use to continue smoking that keep them smoking, making it hard to quit.

(c) Copyright 2009, R. Michael Stone

Michael Stone PhotoAbout Author
R. Michael Stone, M.S. – Counselor Creator of The Unlearn Smoking Success System(tm) The easy 28 day program that helps you become, not an ex-smoker, but a Non-smoker FREE Reports: ==>

Quit Smoking Cigarettes – It’s Hard but Not Because of Nicotine Part 2

In part 1 of this article, we discussed real chemical addiction and how stopping cold-turkey can be life threatening. We also pointed out that although a smoker claims, “I’m dying for a cigarette,” no one has actually died because they didn’t get a smoke.

The reason it is important to understand that cigarette smoking is a psychological addiction rather than a physical one, is to facilitate effective protocols to remove cigarettes from a smoker’s life. In this article, we are going to discuss examples that demonstrate that nicotine is not physically addictive but that cigarette smoking is psychologically addictive.

What is Nicotine

Talk about a substance that has gotten a bad reputation. Nicotine is presented as the ultimate evil and the culprit that makes quitting cigarettes difficult or for some, impossible. However, just what is nicotine?

According to medical researcher Dr. David G. Williams, nicotine is a chemical substance found in cigarette smoke that stimulates the production of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, which is needed to facilitate the transmission of nerve impulses.

There’s one thing though, there is another chemical called nicotinic acid that is a close cousin of nicotine that also stimulates the production of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. What is this almost identical substance? It is called Vitamin B3!

Could smokers be getting Vitamin B3 from their cigarettes? If so, it’s not a healthy way to do it but look at the symptoms of Vitamin B3 deficiency:

Impaired recent memory
Hyper irritability
Emotional instability

These are many of the reasons that people give for smoking! It improves their memory, lifts their spirits, calms them down, etc. Since many people don’t have good nutrition, perhaps one of the things that fuels the Psychological Smoking Mechanism is a B3 deficiency. After all, these are water soluble vitamins or chemicals, if you will. They are not stored in the body and must be replaced constantly.

The bottom line here is that people don’t get addicted to vitamins! This is just another indicator that the thing that keeps people smoking is not an addiction to nicotine. Let’s look at some of the other things associated with smoking that do not follow the physical addiction mechanism.

If Cigarettes were Addictive

In the previous article in this series, we discussed a case of accidental addiction to pain medicine. As you recall, when the patient discovered they weren’t getting the same results from the standard dose of medicine, they increased the dose which did, for a time give them relief. It wasn’t long before they had to increase the dose again, and again.

This is what happens with chemical addiction, the body views the chemical as throwing it out of balance (homeostasis) and it creates a counter force. It matches each increase with an increase in counter force.

If nicotine was a truly addictive chemical, the smoker would have to keep increasing intake to achieve the same effects that are claimed for cigarettes just as in our drug example. The consumption of cigarettes would increase over time. However, this doesn’t happen.

Let me give you a real life example. My grandfather was a cigarette smoker. He smoked his entire life starting in his early childhood years. He smoked less than a pack of cigarettes per day. The amount smoked never varied. He had a set amount that he unconsciously metered and for over 70 years maintained this level. The fact that he smoked less than a pack per day was to his benefit and delayed the health issues associated with cigarette smoke. But you can’t avoid it forever and he did eventually develop health problems that years of cigarette smoking produced.

A clear indicator that cigarettes are psychologically addictive and not physically addictive is that the smoker settles into a pattern and stays there for years. You have your half a pack a day person, your pack a day person, your 1.5 pack a day person, your 2 pack a day person and in extreme cases, the three pack a day person. This volume is established pretty early and stays that way. There may be daily fluctuations but they all average out. There is a mental meter that regulates the amount of cigarettes smoked! That’s the Psychological Smoking Mechanism.

If cigarettes were physically addictive, the smoker would be adding more and more cigarettes to achieve whatever claimed benefit they provided. This doesn’t happen. This is a clear indicator that that cigarette consumption is regulated by the Psychological Smoking Mechanism and not the chemicals in the cigarette.

If Nicotine was a Chemical Addiction

There is a whole category of smoking cessation treatment protocols that operate under the idea that providing nicotine will take the place of smoking. The thinking behind this category is that supplying nicotine through vehicles such as patches or gum will eliminate the desire to smoke because the hypothetical nicotine demand is being met. Then by reducing the nicotine over time, just like drug rehab, the compulsion to smoke will be eliminated. Sounds great doesn’t it? If nicotine were the culprit, nicotine patches, gum and lozenges would be 100% successful. After all, they are giving the body the chemical that it theoretically craves which is the supposed mechanism behind the compulsion to smoke.

Nicotine patches are powerful products that give the body a steady supply of nicotine. Let’s look at their effectiveness. Since the smoker is getting generous amounts of nicotine which they are supposedly craving, the patches should be incredibly effective. However, some research shows, (Davidson, M., Epstein, M., Burt, R., Schaefer, C., Whitworth, G. & McDonald, A. (1998)), that only 19% of people on patches had stopped smoking at six weeks and that it was reduced to 9.2% at six months. Looking at it another way, at 6 weeks, 81% of the people using nicotine patches were still smoking and at 6 months, about 91% were still smoking. Yes, 10% of those that had stopped were back at it again.

The results for the gum is about the same. Even though the gum was providing the smoker with plenty of nicotine, at 6 weeks, 84% of the people were still smoking and at 6 months, 92% were smoking.

These smokers were getting all the nicotine they supposedly needed. In reality, they were probably getting a great deal more nicotine than the cigarettes they smoked provided. Yet, most of them continued to smoke along WITH the patches or gum. If nicotine doesn’t compel the smoker to smoke, what does? It’s the Psychological Smoking Mechanism.

Another Indicator that It Isn’t Nicotine

With a chemical addiction, more is better for the addict. With nicotine patches, the smoker is getting a great deal of nicotine. They should be satisfied right? Well as mentioned in the last section, only 9% actually stop smoking with the patch. However, putting all that nicotine in a smokers system with patches does have an effect on the smoker. According to the American Lung Association, side effects with the nicotine patch are:

Upset stomach
Blurred vision
Vivid dreams
Mild itching and burning on the skin

Yes, nicotine does have an effect on the smokers body. However, with all the things that smoking does to the smoker, it doesn’t produce these effects. This is another clue that nicotine is not the motivator to smoke.

Smokers Resume Smoking after Extended Periods

Another clue that nicotine is not the motivator to smoke is the tendency for ex-smokers to resume smoking after a long period of time. Obviously, after an extended period of time, all the nicotine would be out of their system. As has been stated, nicotine is the cousin of Vitamin B3, a water soluble vitamin. These substances are either rapidly used or excess flushed from the body daily. No matter how heavy a smoker, it won’t take very long for all nicotine to be out of their system.

Also, from a strictly habit perspective, a few weeks or months without smoking should have put an end to the habit; the habit of reaching for a cigarette is broken. However, an ex-smoker can pick up a cigarette and resume smoking like they never stopped whether it is weeks, months or even years.

This is because the Psychological Smoking Mechanism is still operating. There is no nicotine in the system, the habit has been abandoned for weeks, months or some time years, yet, cigarette smoking can resume.


The effects of nicotine do not follow the chemical addiction mechanism. Nicotine is similar to Vitamin B3, a water soluble vitamin. It must be replenished daily. It is possible that the smoker has a deficiency of Vitamin B3. Each cigarette provides a small amount of nicotine which is similar to Vitamin B3.

A smoker falls into a pattern of cigarette consumption which doesn’t vary over decades. Whether it is the half pack a day, one pack a day, one and a half pack per day or the extreme of three packs per day, this amount doesn’t vary. Although there may be daily fluctuations, it averages out over time to whatever pattern the smoker follows.

Cigarette consumption is regulated by the Psychological Smoking Mechanism. The only way to remove cigarettes from your life is to remove this mechanism. If the Psychological Smoking Mechanism is not removed, the person quitting cigarettes will continue to be a smoker who doesn’t happen to be smoking right now. When the Psychological Smoking Mechanism is gone, so is smoking because the person has become a NONsmoker!

(c) Copyright 2009, R. Michael Stone

Michael Stone PhotoAbout Author
R. Michael Stone, M.S. – Counselor Creator of The Unlearn Smoking Success System(tm) The easy 28 day program that helps you become, not an ex-smoker, but a Non-smoker FREE Reports: ==>

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